- Fourier Linear Combiner (FLC)
- Weighted-frequency Fourier Linear Combiner (WFLC)
- Bandlimited Multiple Fourier Linear Combiner (BMFLC)
FLC estimates the quasiperiodic signal of known frequency by using least mean square (LMS) algorithm to adapt the amplitude and phase of a reference signal. WFLC is an extension of FLC which can adapt to a periodic signal of unknown frequency and amplitude. Consequently, WFLC also adapts to time-varying reference signal frequencies while FLC can only estimate a signal with fixed and known frequency. To eliminate the time lag which is not desirable in real-time application, a method using combination of WFLC-FLC has been proposed. One limitation of WFLC is its inability to extract a periodic or quasi-periodic signal containing more than one dominant frequency. To overcome that, BMFLC approach tracks a predetermined band of multiple dominant frequencies based on the prior knowledge of the desired signal. The adaption process is achieved using LMS optimization similar to WFLC and FLC. As the frequency components in BMFLC are constant, analytical ouble integration can be employed to obtain the displacement from acceleration. Due to this reason, it becomes an ideal choice for applications where data is sensed with accelerometers.